- Network 18.104.22.168 was assigned to the Acme Company to connect to its ISP. The administrator of Acme would like to configure one router with the commands to access the Internet.
Which commands could be configured on the Gateway router to allow Internet access to the entire network? (Choose two.)
A. Gateway(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 22.214.171.124
B. Gateway(config)#router rip
C. Gateway(config)#router rip
Gateway(config-router)#network 126.96.36.199 default
D. Gateway(config)#ip route 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.0 default
E. Gateway(config)#ip default-network 184.108.40.206
- What command is used to stop RIP routing updates from exiting out an interface but still receive RIP route updates?
A. Router(config-if)#no routing
C. Router(config-router)#passive-interface s0
D. Router(config-router)#no routing updates
- Which of the following statements are true regarding the command ip route 172.16.4.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.4.2? (Choose two.)
A. The command is used to establish a static route.
B. The default administrative distance is used.
C. The command is used to configure the default route.
D. The subnet mask for the source address is 255.255.255.0.
E. The command is used to establish a stub network.
- What destination addresses will be used by Host_A to send data to the HTTPS server as shown in the graphic below? (Choose two.)
B. The MAC address of the remote switch
C. The IP address of the HTTPS server
D. The MAC address of the HTTPS server
E. The IP address of RouterA’s Fa0/0 interface
F. The MAC address of RouterA’s Fa0/0 interface
- Which of the following is true regarding the following output? (Choose two.)
: RIP: received v1 update from 192.168.40.2 on Serial0/1
: 192.168.50.0 in 16 hops (inaccessible)
: RIP: sending v1 update to 255.255.255.255 via FastEthernet0/0
: RIP: build update entries
: network 192.168.20.0 metric 1
: network 192.168.40.0 metric 1
: network 192.168.50.0 metric 16
: RIP: sending v1 update to 255.255.255.255 via Serial0/1
A. There are three interfaces on the router participating in this update.
B. A ping to 192.168.50.1 will be successful.
C. There are at least two routers exchanging information.
D. A ping to 192.168.40.2 will be successful.
6. What is split horizon?
A. Information about a route should not be sent back in the direction from which the original update came.
B. It splits the traffic when you have a large bus (horizon) physical network.
C. It holds the regular updates from broadcasting to a downed link.
D. It prevents regular update messages from reinstating a route that has gone down.
7. Using the graphic from question 4, which of the following would be true if HostA is trying to communicate to HostC and interface Fa0/0 of Router C goes down? (Choose two.)
A. RouterC will use an ICMP to inform HostA that HostB cannot be reached.
B. RouterC will use ICMP to inform RouterB that HostB cannot be reached.
C. RouterC will use ICMP to inform HostA, RouterA, and RouterB that HostB cannot be reached.
D. RouterC will send a Destination Unreachable message type.
E. RouterC will send a Router Selection message type.
F. RouterC will send a Source Quench message type.
8. Which statement is true regarding classless routing protocols? (Choose two.)
A. The use of discontiguous networks is not allowed.
B. The use of variable length subnet masks is permitted.
C. RIPv1 is a classless routing protocol.
D. IGRP supports classless routing within the same autonomous system.
E. RIPv2 supports classless routing.
9. Which two of the following are true regarding the distance-vector and link-state routing protocols?
A. Link state sends its complete routing table out all active interfaces on periodic time intervals.
B. Distance vector sends its complete routing table out all active interfaces on periodic time intervals.
C. Link state sends updates containing the state of their own links to all routers in the internetwork.
D. Distance vector sends updates containing the state of their own links to all routers in the internetwork.
10. Which command displays RIP routing updates?
A. show ip route
B. debug ip rip
C. show protocols
D. debug ip route
11. What does RIPv2 use to prevent routing loops? (Choose two.)
D. Classless masking
E. Holddown timers
12. A network administrator views the output from the show ip route command. A network that is advertised by both RIP and IGRP appears in the routing table flagged as an IGRP route. Why is the RIP route to this network not used in the routing table?
A. IGRP has a faster update timer.
B. IGRP has a lower administrative distance.
C. RIP has a higher metric value for that route.
D. The IGRP route has fewer hops.
E. The RIP path has a routing loop.
13. You type debug ip rip on your router console and see that 172.16.10.0 is being advertised to you with a metric of 16. What does this mean?
A. The route is 16 hops away.
B. The route has a delay of 16 microseconds.
C. The route is inaccessible.
D. The route is queued at 16 messages a second.
14. IGRP uses which of the following as default parameters for finding the best path to a remote network? (Choose two.)
A. Hop count
C. Cumulative interface delay
E. Path bandwidth value
15. The corporate router receives an IP packet with a source IP address of 192.168.214.20 and a destination address of 192.168.22.3. Looking at the output from the Corporate router, what will the router do with this packet?
Corp#sh ip route
R 192.168.215.0 [120/2] via 192.168.20.2, , Serial0/0
R 192.168.115.0 [120/1] via 192.168.20.2, , Serial0/0
R 192.168.30.0 [120/1] via 192.168.20.2, , Serial0/0
C 192.168.20.0 is directly connected, Serial0/0
C 192.168.214.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
A. The packets will be discarded.
B. The packets will be routed out the S0/0 interface.
C. The router will broadcast looking for the destination.
D. The packets will be routed out the Fa0/0 interface.
16. If your routing table has a static, a RIP, and an IGRP route to the same network, which route will be used to route packets by default?
A. Any available route
B. RIP route
C. Static route
D. IGRP route
E. They will all load-balance.
17. You have the following routing table. Which of the following networks will not be placed in the neighbor routing table?
R 192.168.30.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.40.1, , Serial0
C 192.168.40.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0
172.16.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 172.16.30.0 is directly connected, Loopback0
R 192.168.20.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.40.1, , Serial0
R 10.0.0.0/8 [120/15] via 192.168.40.1, , Serial0
C 192.168.50.0/24 is directly connected, Ethernet0
D. All of them will be placed in the neighbor routing table.
18. Two connected routers are configured with RIP routing. What will be the result when a router receives a routing update that contains a higher-cost path to a network already in its routing table?
A. The updated information will be added to the existing routing table.
B. The update will be ignored and no further action will occur.
C. The updated information will replace the existing routing table entry.
D. The existing routing table entry will be deleted from the routing table and all outers will exchange routing updates to reach convergence.
19. What is route poisoning?
A. It sends back the protocol received from a router as a poison pill, which stops the regular updates.
B. It is information received from a router that can’t be sent back to the originating router.
C. It prevents regular update messages from reinstating a route that has just come up.
D. It describes when a router sets the metric for a downed link to infinity.
20. Which of the following is true regarding RIPv2?
A. It has a lower administrative distance than RIPv1.
B. It converges faster than RIPv1.
C. It has the same timers as RIPv1.
D. It is harder to configure than RIPv1.
Answers to Review Questions
1. A, E. There are actually three different ways to configure the same default route, but only two are shown in the answer. First, you can set a default route with the 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 mask and then specify the next hop, as in answer A. Or you can use 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 and use the exit interface instead of the next hop. Finally, you can use answer E with the ip default-network command.
2. C. The (config-router)#passive-interface command stops updates from being sent out an interface, but route updates are still received.
3. A, B. Although answer C almost seems right, it is not; the mask is the mask used on the remote network, not the source network. Since there is no number at the end of the static route, it is using the default administrative distance of 1.
4. C, F. The switches are not used as either a default gateway or other destination. Switches have nothing to do with routing. It is very important to remember that the destination MAC address will always be the router’s interface. The destination address of a frame, from Host_A, will be the MAC address of the F0/0 interface of RouterA. The destination address of a packet will be the IP address of the network interface card (NIC) of the HTTPS server. The destination port number in the segment header will have a value of 443 (HTTPS).
5. C, D. The route to 192.168.50.0 is unreachable and only interfaces s0/1 and FastEthernet 0/0 are participating in the RIP update. Since a route update was received, at least two routers are participating in the RIP routing process. Since a route update for network 192.168.40.0 is being sent out f0/0, and a route was received from 192.168.40.2, we can assume a ping to that address will be successful.
6. A. A split horizon will not advertise a route back to the same router it learned the route from.
7. A, D. RouterC will use ICMP to inform Host1 that Host2 cannot be reached. It will perform this by sending a Destination Unreachable ICMP message type.
8. B, E. Classful routing means that all hosts in the internetwork use the same mask. Classless routing means that you can use Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSMs) and can also support discontiguous networking.
9. B, C. The distance-vector routing protocol sends its complete routing table out all active interfaces on periodic time intervals. Link-state routing protocols send updates containing the state of their own links to all routers in the internetwork.
10. B. Debug ip rip is used to show the Internet Protocol (IP) Routing Information Protocol (RIP) updates being sent and received on the router.
12. B. RIP has an administrative distance (AD) of 120, while IGRP has an administrative distance of 100, so the router will discard any route with a higher AD than 100.
13. C. You cannot have 16 hops on a RIP network by default. If you receive a route advertised with a metric of 16, this means it is inaccessible.
14. C, E. IGRP uses bandwidth and delay of the line, by default, to determine the best path to a remote network. Delay of the line can sometimes be called the cumulative interface delay.
15. A. Since the routing table shows no route to the 192.168.22.0 network, the router will discard the packet and send an ICMP Destination Unreachable message out interface FastEthernet 0/0, which is the source LAN where the packet originated from.
16. C. Static routes have an administrative distance of one (1) by default. Unless you change this, a static route will always be used over any other found route. IGRP has an administrative distance of 100, and RIP has an administrative distance of 120, by default.
17. C. The network 10.0.0.0 cannot be placed in the next router’s routing table because it already is at 15 hops. One more hop would make the route 16 hops, and that is not valid in RIP networking.
18. B. When a routing update is received by a router, the router first checks the administrative distance (AD) and always chooses the route with the lowest AD. However, if two routes are received and they both have the same AD, then the router will choose the one route with the lowest metrics, or in RIP’s case, hop count.
19. D. Another way to avoid problems caused by inconsistent updates and to stop network loops is route poisoning. When a network goes down, the distance-vector routing protocol initiates route poisoning by advertising the network with a metric of 16, or unreachable (sometimes referred to as infinite).
20. C. RIPv2 is pretty much just like RIPv1. It has the same administrative distance and timers and is configured just like RIPv1.
Answers to Written Lab 5
1. ip route 172.16.10.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.20.1 150
2. config t, router rip, network 10.0.0.0
3. config t, router rip, passive-interface serial 1
4. config t, router igrp 10, network 172.16.0.0
5. config t, ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 172.16.50.3
6. Holddown timers
7. Route poisoning
10. debug ip rip